Part 2- Massachusetts Fair Redistricting (State Senate)

( – promoted by Paul R. Ferro)

Part 1- State House

Part 2- State Senate

Part 3- US House

Part 4- Governor’s Council

Here’s part two: the State Senate.  Same general rules as the State House Map. I tried keep as many Incumbents in their districts as possible (not always but seniority is valuable), to avoid splitting municipalities when possible, and to keep districts within 5% of their optimal population (per previous court rulings). I split just nine communities with this map, the current map splits twenty-four.

Anyway, here is the State Senate. So tell me what you think!

State Senate- Statewide

Old map for reference:…

My map pits three sets of incumbents:

Sal DiDomenico (D-Everett) vs. Katherine Clark (D-Melrose)

John Keenan (D-Quincy) vs. Brian Joyce (D-Milton)

James Eldridge (D-Acton) vs. Susan Fargo (D-Lincoln)

Three Open Seats:

A Woburn/Billerica based seat

A Central Plymouth County based seat

A Rural Middlesex County based seat

In all of these cases, inner suburbs were stretched out to the outer ring of suburbs through strange contorted districts. In the past, these were well-intentioned measures merely to keep districts at population through adding farther out, and faster growing areas. In recent decades however, they have taken a new dimension, as those outlying areas are now themselves deserving of their own complete districts, and recent Senate maps have been designed to keep Democratic-leaning, inner suburbs well represented in the Senate. This map fixes this as well as I could without disrupting Incumbents. Joyce, Fargo, and DiDomenico are currently the beneficiary of three of the worst districts in Massachusetts. Eldridge, Clark and Keenan are merely unlucky because they live closest to these contorted seats. I would have to guess that Clark, Fargo and Keenan would be favored in these primaries. The other unintended consequence is the fact that in doing so, three Republican-leaning districts are created. It is not a partisan intention; it is merely “un-gerrymandering” what is today, a badly gerrymandered State Senate map. In that sense, this is why this map will never happen, and you will see more contorted districts when the Legislature passes their maps later this year. They will not give Republicans any chance at adding more districts.


Berkshire, Franklin and Hampshire District- Benjamin Downing (D-Pittsfield)

Adams, Alford, Becket, Cheshire, Clarksburg, Dalton, Egremont, Florida, Great Barrington, Hancock, Hinsdale, Lanesborough, Lee, Lenox, Monterey, Mount Washington, New Ashford, New Marlborough, North Adams, Otis, Peru, Pittsfield, Richmond, Sandisfield, Savoy, Sheffield, Stockbridge, Tyringham, Washington, West Stockbridge, Williamstown, Windsor, Ashfield, Buckland, Charlemont, Colrain, Conway, Deerfield, Hawley, Heath, Leyden, Monroe, Rowe, Shelburne, Chesterfield, Cummington, Goshen, Huntington, Middlefield, Plainfield, Westhampton, Williamsburg, Worthington

Solidly Democratic, Coakley 67-32%

Picks up a number of small towns in Hampshire and Franklin Counties as the district shrank significantly over the past 10 years; still very Democratic.

Hampden- Jim Welch (D-West Springfield)

Springfield (W1-W4, W5 Pcts A-C,E,F,H, W6, W7 Pcts A,B,H, W8), West Springfield

Solidly Democratic, Coakley 57-41%


Moved out Chicopee and Agawam and added more of Springfield. Moves this district from a narrow Brown victory to a solid Coakley victory, and out of range for Republicans.

Hampshire and Franklin District- Stanley Rosenberg (D-Amherst)

Amherst, Easthampton, Granby, Hadley, Hatfield, Northampton, Pelham, South Hadley, Bernardston, Erving, Gill, Greenfield, Leverett, Montague, New Salem, Northfield, Shutesbury, Sunderland, Warwick, Wendell, Whately

Solidly Democratic, Coakley 66-32%

Loses its Western edge, and picks ups Easthampton. Pretty much the same.

First Hampden and Hampshire- Gale Candaras (D-Wilbraham)

Brimfield, Chicopee, Hampden, Holland, Ludlow, Monson, Palmer, Springfield (W5 Pcts D,G, W7 Pcts D-G), Wales, Wilbraham, Belchertown, Ware

Leans Republican, Brown 57-41%

Moved this district out of all but the Southeastern corner of Springfield, and added Brewer’s portion of Hampden County and Chicopee to the district. Makes this district much more competitive, and allows more of Springfield to move into Welch’s district and make it minority-majority.

Second Hampden and Hampshire- Michael Knapik (R-Westfield)

Agawam, Blandford, Chester, East Longmeadow, Granville, Holyoke, Longmeadow, Montgomery, Russell, Southwick, Tolland, Westfield, Southampton

Usually Republican, Brown 60-39%

Moved Easthampton and Chicopee out, and moved in Agawam, and the Longmeadow’s. Takes on an unusual shape, but is now more of a Springfield Suburb district (was necessary to meet population and not split Chicopee any longer). Also has the consequence of making this district much safer for Knapik and the GOP when he decides to retire.


First Middlesex and Worcester- OPEN

Ashby, Ayer, Boxborough, Groton, Hudson, Littleton, Pepperell, Shirley, Stow, Townsend, Westford (Pcts 1,2,4,5), Bolton, Boylston, Clinton, Harvard, Lancaster, Lunenburg, Sterling, West Boylston

Usually Republican, Brown 60-39%

Moved this district West and North as the Interior suburban districts, and the Lowell-based district were straightened out. The district loses both Acton and Marlborough, while picking up the Clinton area and the Western extremes of Middlesex County. Paul Cellucci’s home town of Hudson is now the largest town in the district.

First Worcester- Harriett Chandler (D-Worcester)

Worcester (W1-W4, W5 Pct 1, W6-W10)

Usually Democratic, Coakley 52-46%

Takes in all but a corner of Worcester. Making this district very Democratic, but the other Worcester district, not so much. Democrats would obviously split the suburbs and city between the two districts to make both of them more hospitable to Democrats. Pick your choice.

Second Worcester- Stephen Brewer (D-Barre)

Auburn, Barre, Brookfield, Charlton, Dudley, East Brookfield, Hardwick, Holden, Leicester, New Braintree, North Brookfield, Oakham, Oxford, Paxton, Rutland, Southbridge, Spencer, Sturbridge, Warren, West Brookfield

Solidly Republican, Brown 65-33%

Made this district much more compact, and it marginally improves for the Republicans. Brewer has a good hold on this district, and would still be hard to beat.

Worcester and Franklin- Jennifer Flanagan (D-Leominster)

Ashburnham, Athol, Fitchburg, Gardner, Hubbardston, Leominster, Petersham, Phillipston, Princeton, Royalston, Templeton, Westminster, Winchendon, Orange

Usually Republican, Brown 62-37%

Moved this district west to take in the entire Worcester County portion of Route 2. Doesn’t change the politics of this district much.

Worcester and Middlesex- Michael Moore (D-Millbury)

Berlin, Grafton, Millbury, Northborough, Shrewsbury, Upton, Westborough, Worcester (W5 Pcts 2-5)

Leans Republican, Brown 59-40%

Amazing what happens when you remove half of Worcester. This district becomes the Leaning Republican district it should be. If you think Worcester deserves two districts to dominate, then you can do what the Legislature has done for the past century. I prefer this arrangement, gives the Worcester suburbs more of a voice.

Worcester and Norfolk- Richard Moore (D-Uxbridge)

Blackstone, Douglas, Hopedale, Mendon, Milford, Millville,  Northbridge, Sutton, Uxbridge, Webster, Bellingham, Franklin

Solidly Republican, Brown 66-33%

Moved this district East (as necessary), but it remains about the same and should represent the Blackstone Valley well.


First Essex- Steven Baddour (D-Methuen)

Amesbury, Haverhill, Merrimac, Methuen, Newburyport, Salisbury, West Newbury

Leans Republican, Brown 59-40%

From Methuen to the coast, the final Merrimack River district is largely unchanged. Loses some precincts in North Andover as it grew significantly.

Second Essex and Middlesex- Barry Finegold (D-Andover)

Andover, Lawrence, Dracut, Tewksbury

Leans Republican, Brown 58-41%

No changes here, still Lawrence-based with Andover, and the Lowell suburbs of Dracut and Tewksbury. It’s clean and compact, so I saw no need to rip it apart.

First Middlesex- Eileen Donoghue (D-Lowell)

Chelmsford, Dunstable, Lowell, Tyngsborough, Westford (Pcts 3,6)

Leans Republican, Brown 58-41%

Loses its strange arm along the NH Border, and instead takes in nearby Chelmsford. Much more of a Lowell-oriented district, and is probably now safer for Donoghue than before.


Second Essex- Frederick Berry (D-Peabody)

Beverly, Danvers, Lynnfield (Pct 4), Peabody, Salem

Leans Republican, Brown 56-43%

Not many changes here, picks up part of Lynnfield instead of Topsfield. Always a tempting seat for the GOP, but Berry has held it down pretty well since the 1980’s.

Third Essex- Thomas McGee (D-Lynn)

Lynn, Lynnfield (Pcts 1-3), Marblehead, Nahant, Saugus, Swampscott

Leans Democratic, Brown 53-46%

Moves entirely within Essex County, without Lynn this district would be pretty competitive. But McGee and Lynn have handed this district to the Democrats for the better part of the last half century.

First Essex and Middlesex- Bruce Tarr (R-Gloucester)

Boxford, Essex, Georgetown, Gloucester, Groveland, Hamilton, Ipswich, Manchester-by-the-Sea, Middleton, Newbury, North Andover, Rockport, Rowley, Topsfield, Wenham, North Reading

Usually Republican, Brown 60-39%

Basically the same, picks up all of North Andover, Topsfield, and loses Wilmington. Should be an easy hold for Tarr.


Third Middlesex- Susan Fargo (D-Lincoln) vs. James Eldridge (D-Acton)

Acton, Carlisle, Concord, Lincoln, Maynard, Sudbury, Waltham, Wayland, Weston

Usually Democratic, Coakley 54-45%

This is at its core, the old district held by Susan Fargo, but this district is much more compact. Loses Chelmsford, its portion of Lexington and Bedford, and moves West into Maynard, Acton and Sudbury. A Democrat Senator will be safe here, and I’d have to guess Fargo would have the upper hand in a primary, but Eldridge is probably the better campaigner.

Fourth Middlesex- Kenneth Donnelly (D-Arlington)

Arlington, Belmont, Lexington, Stoneham (Pcts 2,6,7), Watertown, Winchester

Solidly Democratic, Coakley 60-40%

I didn’t think that Billerica belonged with Arlington in the same State Senate district, so I gave Donnelly more of the towns around his home in Arlington. As a result, this district picks up Belmont, Watertown, the rest of Lexington, Winchester and part of Stoneham. It also makes the district much more Democratic.

Fifth Middlesex- OPEN

Bedford, Billerica, Burlington, Reading, Wilmington, Woburn

Usually Republican, Brown 60-39%

This Rt. 3/Rt. 128 area in Middlesex County is currently represented by 5 different districts, and none of the current districts seem like very natural constituencies, so I thought making a district based out of Billerica and Woburn sounded like a good idea. I didn’t realize it would be so easy to do. As a result, one Democrat north of Boston will lose their seat (probably DiDomenico), but the map gets a lot cleaner, and the GOP gets a good chance to represent a part of Middlesex County.

Sixth Middlesex- Katherine Clark (D-Melrose) vs. Sal DiDomenico (D-Everett)

Everett, Malden, Melrose, Stoneham (Pcts 3-5), Wakefield

Leans Democratic, Brown 51-48%

This is basically Richard Tisei’s seat, but moved south by adding Everett (from the elimination of the former Birmingham-Barrios-Galluccio-DiDomenico seat). The Freshmen Katherine Clark gets the unfortunate situation of having to face DiDomenico in a primary, but this district is overwhelmingly composed of her former district. This district also becomes more Democratic as it loses its Northern edge to the new 5th Middlesex district.

Second Middlesex and Worcester- Karen Spilka (D-Ashland)

Ashland, Framingham, Holliston, Hopkinton, Natick, Sherborn, Southborough

Leans Democratic, Brown 52-48%

Instead of being a strip of towns running from Franklin to Sudbury, this district instead takes in the Route 9 area from Southborough to Natick. The district becomes a little more Democratic, and Spilka should be safer here.


Second Middlesex- Patricia Jehlen (D-Somerville)

Cambridge (W1-W3, W5 Pct 1), Medford, Somerville

Solidly Democratic, Coakley 68-30%

This district no longer stretches out to Winchester, and instead moves into East Cambridge. The district gets a little more Democratic, but retains its core of Medford and Somerville.

First Middlesex and Norfolk- Cynthia Stone Creem (D-Newton)

Newton, Brookline, Wellesley (Pcts A-E)

Solidly Democratic, Coakley 67-33%

In order to reach population, this district only adds a precinct in Wellesley. Otherwise, it’s exactly the same, and it is still extremely Democratic.

First Suffolk- John Hart (D-South Boston)

Boston (W1 Pct 15, W3, W4 Pcts 2,5-7, W5 Pcts 1,3-9,11, W6, W7, W13 Pcts 3,5-10, W15 Pcts 4,6,8,9, W16, W17 Pct 13)

Solidly Democratic, Coakley 57-42%

This district moves into the North End and Back Bay as the Second Suffolk moves out of gentrifying Jamaica Plain, into increasingly diverse Dorchester. District gets a little bit more white, and a little more Republican. Hart will be fine here though.

Second Suffolk- Sonia Chang-Diaz (D-Jamaica Plain)

Boston (W4 Pcts 1,3,4, W8, W9, W11 Pcts 2-3,7-10, W12, W13 Pcts 1,2,4, W14, W15 Pcts 1-3,5-7, W17 Pcts 1-12,14, W18 Pcts 1-6,8,14-15,21)

Solidly Democratic, Coakley 90-9%

African-American Majority

This is the most Democratic district in the state, and has to stay that way because it is a court ordered minority-majority district. I decided to move Rush’s district further into Boston, and put Norwood and Westwood back with Norfolk County districts, so this district has moved East accordingly. It remains African-American majority, but Chang-Diaz loses most of her base in Jamaica Plain, so she might rather be put with Rush’s district. Either way, this district will get a Democratic Senator.

Third Suffolk- Anthony Petruccelli (D-East Boston)

Boston (W1 Pcts 1-14, W2), Chelsea, Revere, Winthrop

Usually Democratic, Coakley 50-49%

By eliminating DiDomenico’s district, this district is able to contract to the northern portion of Suffolk County. It was just barely won by Coakley, and would be a pretty Democratic district, but it is a lot more competitive now that its Cambridge portion has been removed.

Suffolk and Middlesex- Steven Tolman (D-Allston)

Boston (W5 Pcts 2,10, W21, W22), Cambridge (W4, W5 Pcts 2-3, W6-W11)

Solidly Democratic, Coakley 78-21%

Currently Cambridge is represented by three separate Senators despite being large enough to make up a majority of a district on its own. So I gave the Central portion of Cambridge formerly in DiDomenico’s district to Tolman, and removed Watertown and Belmont. This district therefore becomes a very academic district representing Boston College, Boston University and Harvard. Tolman should be fine here, and Cambridge gets better representation in the Senate.

Suffolk and Norfolk- Michael Rush (D-West Roxbury)

Boston (W4 Pcts 8-10, W10, W11 Pcts 1,4-6, W18 Pcts 7,9-13,16-20,22,23, W19, W20), Dedham

Solidly Democratic, Coakley 63-36%

I did not think that Norwood and Westwood were well represented by a West Roxbury, urban Senator, so I pushed this district farther into Boston. It was also necessary as I decided to eliminate the atrocity that was Sal DiDomenico’s seat. This district gets a lot more Democratic as it picks up JP, and Rush will probably be more uncomfortable here. However, I had to leave Dedham in the district, so with West Roxbury he would have a base to win any primary against a JP Socialist. If Sonia Chang-Diaz rather run in this district against Rush, she could easily be moved into the district setting up the JP-West Roxbury show down.


First Norfolk- Brian Joyce (D-Milton) vs. John Keenan (D-Quincy)

Holbrook, Milton, Quincy, Randolph

Leans Democratic, Brown 50-49%

Currently Joyce and Keenan represent two horrible gerrymanders that put Norfolk County cities with exurban appendages in Plymouth County. Instead, I simply merged the two districts to make a very clean and natural district based out of Milton and Quincy. The district still narrowly voted for Brown, but the winner of the primary will be safe in this seat. I’d have to give the edge to Keenan, despite Joyce’s seniority, as Quincy and Holbrook greatly outnumber Randolph and Milton.

Second Norfolk- James Timilty (D-Walpole)

Canton, Dover, Medfield, Medway, Millis, Needham, Norwood, Walpole, Wellesley (Pcts F,G), Westwood.

Leans Republican, Brown 59-41%

Instead of having two districts running from Central Bristol County to Southern Middlesex County, I decided to give Timilty the North, and Ross the South. As a result, Timilty’s district is based in Norfolk County, and becomes a little more Democratic. Timilty will have even less trouble holding this district.

Norfolk and Plymouth- Robert Hedlund (R-Weymouth)

Braintree, Cohasset, Weymouth, Abington, Hingham, Hull, Rockland

Usually Republican, Brown 61-38%

With the merger of the Quincy/Milton districts, this district is forced to move north, but surprisingly, it actually doesn’t get much more Democratic. Brown easily won this district, and so should Hedlund. This district is now more than ever, the South Shore district.


Bristol District- Michael Rodrigues (D-Westport)

Fall River, Rehoboth, Seekonk, Somerest, Swansea, Westport

Leans Democratic, Brown 51-48%

Picks up Seekonk and Rehoboth in exchange for Lakeville, Rochester and Freetown. Pretty much the same, Rodrigues is safe.

Bristol and Norfolk- Richard Ross (R-Wrentham)

Attleboro, Mansfield, North Attleborough, Norton, Foxborough, Norfolk, Plainville, Wrentham

Solidly Republican, Brown 67-32%

No longer a gerrymandered strip, it’s now essentially the Greater Attleboro district. Ross will be very safe here.

First Bristol and Plymouth- Marc Pacheco (D-Taunton)

Berkley, Dighton, Freetown, Raynham, Taunton, Bridgewater, Carver, Lakeville, Middleborough

Solidly Republican, Brown 65-34%

I did not think that Taunton and Wareham made a natural district, so I put Wareham with Plymouth and Therese Murray (which will help the Senate President), and gave this district the Lakeville-Middleborough area in exchange. It actually does not change the district that much, and still remains a tough district to hold for the Democrats. Lucky for them, Pacheco is a really good fundraiser.

Second Bristol and Plymouth- Mark Montigny (D-New Bedford)

Acushnet, Dartmouth, Fairhaven, New Bedford, Mattapoisett, Rochester

Usually Democratic, Coakley 51-48%

No big changes here, only Rochester is added to the district. Montigny is really safe here.

Cape and the Islands- Daniel Wolf (D-Harwich)

Barnstable (Pcts 1-10,13), Brewster, Chatham, Dennis, Eastham, Harwich, Mashpee, Orleans, Provincetown, Truro, Wellfleet, Aquinnah, Chilmark, Edgartown, Gosnold, Oak Bluffs, Tisbury, West Tisbury, Nantucket

Leans Democratic, Brown 54-45%

No big changes here, still the Cape and Islands seat. Had to gain a little population in Barnstable. I think the Lower Cape and the Islands have become Democratic enough that this is now a tough district for the GOP to pick up. We probably had our last best chance in 2010.

Plymouth- OPEN

Duxbury, East Bridgewater, Halifax, Hanover, Hanson, Kingston, Marshfield, Norwell, Pembroke, Plympton, Scituate, West Bridgewater, Whitman

Solidly Republican, Brown 67-32%

By merging Milton with Quincy, the map shifts north enough to open up a seat in Central Plymouth County. See why the Democrats would keep those tentacles into Plymouth County? Left in its wake is an uber-Republican district. Looks good and compact to me.

Plymouth, Norfolk and Bristol- Thomas Kennedy (D-Brockton)

Brockton, Avon, Sharon, Stoughton, Easton

Leans Democratic, Brown 51-48%

To help replace the Milton-based district’s former tentacles south and West of Brockton, the Brockton district shifts its suburban load northward towards Sharon and Stoughton. Thus, Brockton is still placed with its suburbs, but it now takes in its Northern and Western Suburbs, instead of its South and Eastern ones. The district gets a little more Democratic, and more compact.

Plymouth and Barnstable- Therese Murray (D-Plymouth)

Marion, Plymouth, Wareham, Barnstable (Pcts 11,12), Bourne, Falmouth, Sandwich

Usually Republican, Brown 61-38%

This district no longer stretches North along Rt.3 instead it wraps around Buzzards’s Bay down to Marion. The district get a little more Democratic, which will be greatly welcomed by the Senate President, but remains a very competitive district should she retire, or Jeff Perry, Thomas Keyes, or Rep. deMacedo give the seat a go.


Solidly Republican- 5 Seats

Usually Republican- 7 Seats

Leans Republican- 7 Seats

Leans Democratic- 7 Seats

Usually Democratic- 4 Seats

Solidly Democratic- 10 Seats

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